Understanding Islam Islamic Supreme Council of America http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam.feed 2017-12-11T04:00:14Z Joomla! 1.5 - Open Source Content Management The Globalization of Jihad: From Islamist Resistance to War Against the West 2010-05-28T00:52:25Z 2010-05-28T00:52:25Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/anti-extremism/56-the-globalization-of-jihad-from-islamist-resistance-to-war-against-the-west.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/redpeace.jpg" border="0" alt="redpeace" width="320" height="240" style="float: left;" /></p> <p>(<strong>2006</strong>) During the Cold War, the world was divided into two camps: one aligned with the United States, the other aligned with the Soviet Union. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, America emerged as the sole superpower. But another camp is again emerging to challenge the United States and its allies. It is not a great superpower like the Soviet Union, but a loose coalition of forces united by a common opposition to the United States and its policies.</p> <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/redpeace.jpg" border="0" alt="redpeace" width="320" height="240" style="float: left;" /></p> <p>(<strong>2006</strong>) During the Cold War, the world was divided into two camps: one aligned with the United States, the other aligned with the Soviet Union. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, America emerged as the sole superpower. But another camp is again emerging to challenge the United States and its allies. It is not a great superpower like the Soviet Union, but a loose coalition of forces united by a common opposition to the United States and its policies.</p> Ritual Prayer: Its Meaning and Manner 2010-05-26T23:11:43Z 2010-05-26T23:11:43Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/53-ritual-prayer-its-meaning-and-manner.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/prayers.jpg" border="0" alt="prayers" title="Eid in Mumbai" width="400" height="267" style="float: right;" /></p> <p>Prayer is one of the central elements of Islamic practice and worship. Indeed, it is the second of the Five Pillars of Islam and, along with the testimony of faith, the pilgrimage to Mecca, fasting the month of Ramadan and paying the poor tax, forms the essential framework of religious life for Muslims. More than that, the observance of the ritual prayer forms the framework of each Muslim’s day, from the pre-dawn morning prayer to the night prayer that precedes sleep.</p> <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/prayers.jpg" border="0" alt="prayers" title="Eid in Mumbai" width="400" height="267" style="float: right;" /></p> <p>Prayer is one of the central elements of Islamic practice and worship. Indeed, it is the second of the Five Pillars of Islam and, along with the testimony of faith, the pilgrimage to Mecca, fasting the month of Ramadan and paying the poor tax, forms the essential framework of religious life for Muslims. More than that, the observance of the ritual prayer forms the framework of each Muslim’s day, from the pre-dawn morning prayer to the night prayer that precedes sleep.</p> Understanding Islamic Law 2010-05-26T21:31:23Z 2010-05-26T21:31:23Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/52-understanding-islamic-law.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p class="Body1"><span class="Body">Islamic civilization, since the time of Prophet Muhammad (s) until now, is firmly founded on the concept of ‘rule of law.’ For that reason, the law is published and known, and citizens and courts are expected to uphold it. In addition, Muslim citizens must adhere to Islamic law - Shariah. If a Muslim citizen commits a religious violation, he is judged according to Islamic law. A non-Muslim citizen is judged in religious issues by the laws of his own faith.</span></p> <p class="Body1"><span class="Body">Islamic civilization, since the time of Prophet Muhammad (s) until now, is firmly founded on the concept of ‘rule of law.’ For that reason, the law is published and known, and citizens and courts are expected to uphold it. In addition, Muslim citizens must adhere to Islamic law - Shariah. If a Muslim citizen commits a religious violation, he is judged according to Islamic law. A non-Muslim citizen is judged in religious issues by the laws of his own faith.</span></p> What is a Fatwa? 2010-05-25T21:18:24Z 2010-05-25T21:18:24Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/44-what-is-a-fatwa.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p>In recent years, the term “fatwā” has been widely used throughout the media, usually to indicate that a death sentence has been dealt to someone or some group of people. The limited use of this term has resulted in a limited understanding of its meaning. ISCA therefore offers the following statement to elucidate the true significance of the term “fatwā.”</p> <p>In recent years, the term “fatwā” has been widely used throughout the media, usually to indicate that a death sentence has been dealt to someone or some group of people. The limited use of this term has resulted in a limited understanding of its meaning. ISCA therefore offers the following statement to elucidate the true significance of the term “fatwā.”</p> Spirituality in Modern Civilization 2010-05-25T20:42:15Z 2010-05-25T20:42:15Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/spirituality/43-spirituality-in-modern-civilization.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p class="norm1"><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/carnation.jpg" border="0" alt="carnation" width="320" height="240" style="float: left;" /></p> <p class="norm1">We have been asked to address the topic of “Spirituality in Modern Civilization.” Such topics are typically chosen by professors who find such combinations of concepts catchy, flashy and even a little spicy. However, when I hear the term “modern civilization” bandied about, I often wonder what it really means. After all, did people in the past consider themselves backwards, out-of-date, ancient, or behind the times? Did they consider their time uncivilized, looking towards our era as one in which they would finally be “modern?” Was not the time of our Prophet (s) also a “modern” one for those who were blessed to live during it? I propose that “modernity” exists in every era, depending on the circumstances of the time, and thus can be applied equally to each of them as well.</p> <p class="norm1"><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/carnation.jpg" border="0" alt="carnation" width="320" height="240" style="float: left;" /></p> <p class="norm1">We have been asked to address the topic of “Spirituality in Modern Civilization.” Such topics are typically chosen by professors who find such combinations of concepts catchy, flashy and even a little spicy. However, when I hear the term “modern civilization” bandied about, I often wonder what it really means. After all, did people in the past consider themselves backwards, out-of-date, ancient, or behind the times? Did they consider their time uncivilized, looking towards our era as one in which they would finally be “modern?” Was not the time of our Prophet (s) also a “modern” one for those who were blessed to live during it? I propose that “modernity” exists in every era, depending on the circumstances of the time, and thus can be applied equally to each of them as well.</p> Jihad, Terrorism and Suicide Bombing: The Classical Islamic Perspective 2010-03-03T08:27:59Z 2010-03-03T08:27:59Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/21-jihad-classical-islamic-perspective.html Shaykh Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/insurgents.jpg" border="0" title="Insurgents" width="356" height="235" align="left" />In this presentation we would like to shed light on the meaning of Jihād, a term that has become universally known today. One can find countless interpretations of this term which differ from its true spirit and the meaning that Allah intended it in the Holy Qur’ān and in the narrations of the Prophet . On the contrary people are use the term Jihād in this time in a way that suits their own whims without realizing the damage that they are causing Islam and Muslims.</p> <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/insurgents.jpg" border="0" title="Insurgents" width="356" height="235" align="left" />In this presentation we would like to shed light on the meaning of Jihād, a term that has become universally known today. One can find countless interpretations of this term which differ from its true spirit and the meaning that Allah intended it in the Holy Qur’ān and in the narrations of the Prophet . On the contrary people are use the term Jihād in this time in a way that suits their own whims without realizing the damage that they are causing Islam and Muslims.</p> The Sufis – Enlightened Community Builders 2010-02-28T00:00:00Z 2010-02-28T00:00:00Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/spirituality/2-the-sufis-enlightened-community-builders.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/msn2.jpg" border="0" alt="Sufi Shaykh" title="Shaykh Nazim al-Haqqani" width="243" height="181" align="left" /></p> <p class="Body1">Sufism created community. In every age and era since the time of Prophet Muhammad, upon whom be peace, to whom all Sufis look as inspiration, role model and guide, the Sufis have sought to establish the infrastructure that, in modern parlance, would be termed privatized social welfare. It was through institutions designed not only to serve the destitute, the homeless and the ill, but whose overall purpose was to redirect the society as a whole to the goal of uplifting the people spiritually, psychologically, morally and physically, that the Sufis were able to have a immense impact on the societies in which they functioned.</p> <p class="Body1">The primary focus of the Sufi tradition was to establish societal order based on a hierarchical pattern of organization. Such a hierarchy governed Central Asia, South Asia, North Africa and most other areas of the Islamic world by means of Sufi societal infrastructure and institutions.</p> <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/msn2.jpg" border="0" alt="Sufi Shaykh" title="Shaykh Nazim al-Haqqani" width="243" height="181" align="left" /></p> <p class="Body1">Sufism created community. In every age and era since the time of Prophet Muhammad, upon whom be peace, to whom all Sufis look as inspiration, role model and guide, the Sufis have sought to establish the infrastructure that, in modern parlance, would be termed privatized social welfare. It was through institutions designed not only to serve the destitute, the homeless and the ill, but whose overall purpose was to redirect the society as a whole to the goal of uplifting the people spiritually, psychologically, morally and physically, that the Sufis were able to have a immense impact on the societies in which they functioned.</p> <p class="Body1">The primary focus of the Sufi tradition was to establish societal order based on a hierarchical pattern of organization. Such a hierarchy governed Central Asia, South Asia, North Africa and most other areas of the Islamic world by means of Sufi societal infrastructure and institutions.</p> Sufism and the Perennial Conflict of Good and Evil 2010-02-27T02:51:13Z 2010-02-27T02:51:13Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/spirituality/18-sufism-and-the-perennial-conflict-of-good-and-evil.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani cellweb@yahoo.com <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/jibril_reveals himself_to_the_prophet_mohammed.jpg" border="0" title="Ottoman Miniature" width="297" height="339" align="left" />Evil has been a problem for mankind since the advent of the first humans on earth. Cain killed his own brother, Abel, so that his ritual sacrifice might seem more worthy in the eyes of Allah — proof that the outward forms of religiosity are not sufficient to check the negative traits of the lower self. More is required to purify the self from these evil impulses. Abel had developed this quality, as evidenced by his refusal to harm his brother even when faced with the threat of death. His was the state of purified spiritual character. That character is not developed in a vacuum, but requires a focused discipline to achieve. It is a discipline that was developed and refined by subsequent generations into a systematic path of self-analysis and self-correction that became known as the “Science of the Self,” or Sufism.</p> <p><img class="caption" src="http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/images/stories/isca/jibril_reveals himself_to_the_prophet_mohammed.jpg" border="0" title="Ottoman Miniature" width="297" height="339" align="left" />Evil has been a problem for mankind since the advent of the first humans on earth. Cain killed his own brother, Abel, so that his ritual sacrifice might seem more worthy in the eyes of Allah — proof that the outward forms of religiosity are not sufficient to check the negative traits of the lower self. More is required to purify the self from these evil impulses. Abel had developed this quality, as evidenced by his refusal to harm his brother even when faced with the threat of death. His was the state of purified spiritual character. That character is not developed in a vacuum, but requires a focused discipline to achieve. It is a discipline that was developed and refined by subsequent generations into a systematic path of self-analysis and self-correction that became known as the “Science of the Self,” or Sufism.</p> Islamic Radicalism: Its Wahhabi Roots and Current Representation 2010-01-14T21:48:30Z 2010-01-14T21:48:30Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/anti-extremism/7-islamic-radicalism-its-wahhabi-roots-and-current-representation.html ISCA cellweb@yahoo.com <p><span style="font-family: ; font-size: ;">Radicalism, in various forms, has made significant inroads in several countries of Central Asia and in the Caucasus - in particular the three countries that share the Ferghana Valley, namely Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikstan, Chechnya, and the Russian Republic of Daghestan. Known as fundamentalism or "Wahhabism," it poses a direct challenge to the ideal vision of a state that the newly founded nations of the region have embraced. <p><span style="font-family: ; font-size: ;">Radicalism, in various forms, has made significant inroads in several countries of Central Asia and in the Caucasus - in particular the three countries that share the Ferghana Valley, namely Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikstan, Chechnya, and the Russian Republic of Daghestan. Known as fundamentalism or "Wahhabism," it poses a direct challenge to the ideal vision of a state that the newly founded nations of the region have embraced. Jihad: A Misunderstood Concept from Islam 2010-01-13T10:46:27Z 2010-01-13T10:46:27Z http://islamicsupremecouncil.org/understanding-islam/legal-rulings/5-jihad-a-misunderstood-concept-from-islam.html Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani (Chairman, Islamic Supreme Council of America) and Shaykh Seraj Hendricks (Head Mufti, Cape Town, South Africa) cellweb@yahoo.com <p>It cannot be over-emphasized that Islam upholds the values of reason, balance and responsibility in the conduct of its worldly affairs. There is nothing arbitrary about its legal provisions relating to matters of war, peace, international relationships and the rule of law. In this area there is considerable agreement between Islamic law and the legal systems currently practiced throughout the world. In addition to the real possibility that these legal systems were profoundly influenced by the legal heritage of Islam, this commonality can be explained by the fact that the protection and endorsement of basic human rights form the cornerstone of Islamic legislation.</p> <p>It cannot be over-emphasized that Islam upholds the values of reason, balance and responsibility in the conduct of its worldly affairs. There is nothing arbitrary about its legal provisions relating to matters of war, peace, international relationships and the rule of law. In this area there is considerable agreement between Islamic law and the legal systems currently practiced throughout the world. In addition to the real possibility that these legal systems were profoundly influenced by the legal heritage of Islam, this commonality can be explained by the fact that the protection and endorsement of basic human rights form the cornerstone of Islamic legislation.</p>